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Ethiopia


The Walters' collection of Ethiopian icons, manuscripts, and processional crosses is one of the largest collections outside of Ethiopia. Historically, Ethiopia was a Christian kingdom with strong ties in both trade and religion to the cultures located around the Mediterranean. Ethiopia's Christian tradition dates back to the 4th century, when the ruler of the Aksumite kingdom converted to Christianity; by the 15th century, this African nation had developed a tradition of icon painting that rivaled that of the Orthodox empires. 


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Above: How Astaraniqos slept on his bed using the picture of St. Michael as a pillow;
Below: How a blacksmith toiled in making a panel for the picture of St. Michael
Above: How Astaraniqos slept on his bed using the picture of St. Michael as a pillow; Below: How a blacksmith toiled in making a panel for the picture of St. Michael Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.72V Accession
ethiopia Tags
Above: How he put Bahran in a body of water, and how a shepherd found the child and brought him from the body of water;
Below: How the shepherd delivered the child, and the nobleman gave a sealed letter to Bahran
Above: How he put Bahran in a body of water, and how a shepherd found the child and brought him from the body of water; Below: How the shepherd delivered the child, and the nobleman gave a sealed letter to Bahran Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.79R Accession
Above: How Satan flew away like a raven/crow when Euphemia showed him the picture of St. Michael;
Below: How Satan came (again) looking like four women and St. Michael trod on him
Above: How Satan flew away like a raven/crow when Euphemia showed him the picture of St. Michael; Below: How Satan came (again) looking like four women and St. Michael trod on him Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.73R Accession
Above: How St. Michael came on horseback to change the bad content of the sealed letter to good, and how the wife of the nobleman received the letter; Middle: How the wealthy man heard that they married Ba?ran to his daughter; Below: How the wealthy man fell from his horse when what he planned did not happen, and how he and his wife died of shock
Above: How St. Michael came on horseback to change the bad content of the sealed letter to good, and how the wife of the nobleman received the letter; Middle: How the wealthy man heard that they married Ba?ran to his daughter; Below: How the wealthy man fell from his horse when what he planned did not happen, and how he and his wife died of shock Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.79V Accession
Above: How the Heathen made the Christian swear when he loaned him gold, and one of his hands was paralyzed; Below: How the Heathen was baptized when he saw the power of St. Michael, and how he served with the Christian inside the church of St. Michael
Above: How the Heathen made the Christian swear when he loaned him gold, and one of his hands was paralyzed; Below: How the Heathen was baptized when he saw the power of St. Michael, and how he served with the Christian inside the church of St. Michael Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.111R Accession
Above: How the Jew went to the residence of the Metropolitan when he was cured; Below: How the Metropolitan baptized the Jew
Above: How the Jew went to the residence of the Metropolitan when he was cured; Below: How the Metropolitan baptized the Jew Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.116R Accession
Above: How the sick woman slept under a picture of St. Michael and he appeared to her; Below: How her household gave her a painting of St. Michael, and how she embraced it and offered gold to the church of St. Michael
Above: How the sick woman slept under a picture of St. Michael and he appeared to her; Below: How her household gave her a painting of St. Michael, and how she embraced it and offered gold to the church of St. Michael Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.108R Accession
Above: St. Michael with Moses at the Burning Bush;
Below: St. Michael instructs Moses to touch his staff to the Red Sea
Above: St. Michael with Moses at the Burning Bush; Below: St. Michael instructs Moses to touch his staff to the Red Sea Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
W.835.59R Accession
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10.2R Accession
Anaphora of Mary (Mass book)
Anaphora of Mary (Mass book) Title
2nd quarter 20th century Period
W.829 Accession
Annunciation
Annunciation Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10.1V Accession
Archangel Michael and the Crossing of the Red Sea
Archangel Michael and the Crossing of the Red Sea Title
mid 19th century (Modern) Period
36.13.1 Accession
sword, wings, soldier, shoes Tags
Archangel Raphael and the Miracle of the Sea Monster
Archangel Raphael and the Miracle of the Sea Monster Title
mid 19th century (Modern) Period
36.13.2 Accession
african, angel, black, ethiopia, painting, shoes Tags
Archangels Michael and Gabriel
Archangels Michael and Gabriel Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
W.835.90R Accession
herar Tags
Astaraniqos and his wife Euphemia feeding the poor on the feast day of the Archangel
Astaraniqos and his wife Euphemia feeding the poor on the feast day of the Archangel Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.72R Accession
Binding for Ethiopian canon tables
Binding for Ethiopian canon tables Title
late 14th-early 15th century (Solomonic) Period
W.838.binding Accession
Binding from Ethiopian prayer book
Binding from Ethiopian prayer book Title
mid 20th century Period
W.784.binding Accession
Binding from Gondar Homiliary
Binding from Gondar Homiliary Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.binding Accession
Binding from Gondarine sensul. Upper board inside:  Joachim and Anna presenting Mary to the temple; Lower board inside: Mary enthroned.
Binding from Gondarine sensul. Upper board inside: Joachim and Anna presenting Mary to the temple; Lower board inside: Mary enthroned. Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10.binding Accession
Canon Table
Canon Table Title
late 14th-early 15th century Period
W.838.2R Accession
Canon Table
Canon Table Title
late 14th-early 15th century Period
W.838.1R Accession
Canon Table
Canon Table Title
late 14th-early 15th century Period
W.838.2V Accession
Canon Table
Canon Table Title
late 14th-early 15th century Period
W.838.1V Accession
Coin Depicting an Anonymous King
Coin Depicting an Anonymous King Title
4th century Period
59.793 Accession
Diptych Icon with Saint George, and Mary and the Infant Christ
Diptych Icon with Saint George, and Mary and the Infant Christ Title
early 15th century Period
36.16 Accession
icon Tags
Diptych with Mary and Her Son Flanked by Archangels, Apostles and a Saint
Diptych with Mary and Her Son Flanked by Archangels, Apostles and a Saint Title
late 15th century Period
36.12 Accession
africa, child, jesus, man, color, mary, medieval, mother, son, teacher, resource, kit Tags
Diptych with Virgin and Child Flanked by Archangels; Scenes from the Lives of Christ and the Virgin, and Saints
Diptych with Virgin and Child Flanked by Archangels; Scenes from the Lives of Christ and the Virgin, and Saints Title
late 17th-early 18th century (Early Gondarine) Period
36.3 Accession
Dorotheus and his wife depressed when the feast of St. Michael was to be cancelled due to the month's want and hardship
Dorotheus and his wife depressed when the feast of St. Michael was to be cancelled due to the month's want and hardship Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.17V Accession
Double-sided Diptych with Mary at Dabra Metmaq (Front); Saints (Back)
Double-sided Diptych with Mary at Dabra Metmaq (Front); Saints (Back) Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.8 Accession
Double-Sided Pendant with the Virgin and Child with Saint George and the Kwer'atä Reesu with Täklä Haymanot and donor
Double-Sided Pendant with the Virgin and Child with Saint George and the Kwer'atä Reesu with Täklä Haymanot and donor Title
late 18th century (Gondarine) Period
36.5 Accession
Empress Eudoxia judging John Chrysostom
Empress Eudoxia judging John Chrysostom Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.63V Accession
Ethiopian canon tables
Ethiopian canon tables Title
late 14th-early 15th century (Solomonic) Period
W.838 Accession
Ethiopian Gospels
Ethiopian Gospels Title
first half of the 16th century (Stephanite) Period
W.850 Accession
Ethiopian Gospels
Ethiopian Gospels Title
early 14th century Period
W.836 Accession
Ethiopian prayer book
Ethiopian prayer book Title
mid 20th century (Modern) Period
W.784 Accession
Ethiopian Scroll with the Lion of Judah
Ethiopian Scroll with the Lion of Judah Title
19th century Period
W.845 Accession
Evangelist Luke writing his Gospel
Evangelist Luke writing his Gospel Title
late 14th century (Solomonic) Period
W.840.V Accession
Flight into Egypt
Flight into Egypt Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10.3V Accession
Folding Processional Icon in the Shape of a Fan
Folding Processional Icon in the Shape of a Fan Title
late 15th century Period
36.9 Accession
God the Father with the Twenty-four Elders and the Archangels Michael and Gabriel
God the Father with the Twenty-four Elders and the Archangels Michael and Gabriel Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
W.835.89V Accession
Gondar Homiliary
Gondar Homiliary Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835 Accession
Gondarine sensul
Gondarine sensul Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10 Accession
Hand Cross
Hand Cross Title
13th-15th century (Medieval) Period
52.296 Accession
cross, face Tags
Hand Cross
Hand Cross Title
17th-18th century (Early Modern) Period
61.342 Accession
Hand Cross
Hand Cross Title
13th-15th century (Solomonic) Period
52.297 Accession
Hand Cross with Figure
Hand Cross with Figure Title
18th-19th century (Early Modern) Period
61.340 Accession
How his God appointed St. Michael Angel of Compassion and Mercy
How his God appointed St. Michael Angel of Compassion and Mercy Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.2V Accession
How Mary was presented to the Temple
How Mary was presented to the Temple Title
late 17th century (Gondarine) Period
36.10.1R Accession
How Susanna prayed and St. Michael appeared to save her
How Susanna prayed and St. Michael appeared to save her Title
late 17th century (early Gondarine) Period
W.835.85R Accession
Icon of the Virgin and Child with Angels
Icon of the Virgin and Child with Angels Title
late 15th century Period
36.14 Accession
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