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Crucifixion and Deposition
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Crucifixion and Deposition

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description The workmanship and materials of the case are European, while the iridescent blue-to-emerald green hummingbird feathers on the inside are Central American in origin and Mayan as used in a work of art. The Crucifixion could have been carved by a native craftsman in colonized Mexico, following a European model; but, if the wood is boxwood, a European wood, the artist probably was also. The boxwood shrub produces hard, fine-grained wood, permitting precise detail that holds its shape. Indeed the virtuosity needed for such a minute scale is part of the appeal. The not-quite-European aesthetic added an exotic quality. Hummingbird feathers were incorporated into Christian devotional "paintings" produced in Central America for the European market and highly prized by collectors. A similar pendant belonged to the duke of Bavaria.
Date Description Narrative
1/27/1988Examinationexamined for condition
5/09/1991Examinationexamined for condition
6/01/2005Treatmentcleaned; examined for exhibition
  • World of Wonder. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1971-1972.
  • Jewelry - Ancient to Modern. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1979-1980.
Provenance Henry Walters, Baltimore [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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ca. 1550-1600 (Renaissance)
boxwood (?), hummingbird feathers, rock crystal, gold, enamel, pigments, pearls
Accession Number
H: 1 9/16 x W: 1 in. (4 x 2.6 cm)
  • Spain (Place of Origin)
  • Central America (Source of Materials)
  • Europe (Source of Materials)


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