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The Adoration of the Three Kings
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The Adoration of the Three Kings


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description Three wise men, or magi, from the East are described in the Gospels as having seen a new star and journeyed to pay tribute to the child marked as divine by the heavens. The wise men were often depicted as kings, and, by the Renaissance, the youngest was frequently depicted as an African, here holding a gold vessel containing myrrh, a precious resin from Arabia and Africa used for perfume. His portrayal reflects both the ethnic diversity encountered by Renaissance painters in a port like Venice, frequented by African traders, and also the concept of Christ's promise of salvation for all people. The splendor of the kings contrasts with the simplicity of the Holy Family. Chubby little angels sing the words inscribed on the scroll "Glory to God in Heaven and Peace to Men on Earth," accompanied by others playing flutes and a violin. For more information on this painting, please see Federico Zeri's 1976 catalogue no. 276, pp. 403-404.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
12/31/1969Examinationexamined for condition
12/31/1969Examinationexamined for condition
7/14/1938Treatmentcradle removed; other
11/03/1975Treatmentcleaned; coated; filled; inpainted; varnish removed or reduced
Exhibitions
  • Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton. 2012-2013.
Provenance Pinacoteca Manfrin, Venice, prior to September, 1872 [cat. no. 51] (?); Don Marcello Massarenti Collection, Rome [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Transcription] On the scroll held by the angel: GLORIA. IN | ALTISIMI | DEO | ET IN TERA | PASE FRAGIL | OMENI; [Translation] Glory to God in Heaven and Peace to Men on Earth.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters with the Massarenti Collection, 1902

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Period
ca. 1525-1530 (Renaissance)
Medium
oil on panel
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
37.261
Measurements
Painted surface, including strip at bottom; depth is excluding cradle. H : 26 5/8 x W: 31 15/16 x D: 5/16 in. (67.7 x 81.2 x 0.8 cm) Framed H: 36 1/4 x W: 41 1/2 x D: 2 3/4 in. (92.08 x 105.41 x 6.99 cm)
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