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Jeweled Gun of Sultan Mahmud I
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Jeweled Gun of Sultan Mahmud I


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description Referencing the elite pastimes of hunting and writing, this ceremonial jeweled musket set includes a dagger (Walters 51.76), pen box (Walters 51.78), penholder with reed pen (Walters 51.87), penknife (Walters 57.620), a cleaner (Walters 51.89), and a spoon (Walters 51.88) - all conveniently housed within the butt and breech of the musket. The pens and penknives were important elements in the calligrapher's toolset and the hardness of the reed used for the pens throughout the Islamic lands requires a good blade to make a clean cut. The small spoon was used to put powder in the flash-pan before firing. Each object is elaborately decorated with gold and gemstones just as much as the musket. The hinged panel of the musket butt contains an inscription in diamonds. This inscription is of an imperial monogram ("tughra") of the Ottoman ruler Sultan Mahmud I, who reigned 1730-54. The artist Muhammad and the musket's owner, Ahmad Khan, are named in an inscription as well as the date, which is slightly effaced. At some point, the lock of the gun was replaced with a used lock from the late 18th century. The musket was later placed in association with the Devisme gun case (Walters 64.165) and its accessories, to create the so-called "Turkish Hunting Set."
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
2/20/1962Treatmentrepaired; cleaned
10/03/2001Treatmentcleaned
Exhibitions
  • The Art of Writing Instruments from Paris to Persia. 2011.
  • Pearls on a String: Artists, Patrons, and Poets at the Great Islamic Courts. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Asian Art Museum, San Francisco. 2015-2016.
Provenance Robert S. Pardo, Istanbul; purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1903; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931.
Inscriptions [Translation] On barrel: What God wills; [Translation] On flintlock: Work of Muhammad, its owner is Ahmad Khan; [Seal or Tughra] Hidden under panel in stock: Sultan Mahmud I
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1903

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Creator
Period
AH 1145/AD 1732-1733 (Ottoman)
Medium
steel, wood (ash), gold, gilded silver, silver, nephrite, diamonds, emeralds (or beryls), rubies (or spinels); later miquelet lock, steel, gold
(Arms & Armor)
Accession Number
51.84
Measurements
H: 9 5/8 × L: 55 × D: 2 3/4 in. (24.5 × 139.7 × 7 cm)
Geographies

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