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Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This manuscript was produced at the end of the katholicate of Grigor IV (Tay) at the monastery of Pawoskan in Cilicia. The principal colophon on fols. 311r-313v dates the manuscript to 1193 CE (642 AE), and the patron, Bishop Karapet, a resident at the court of Grigor at Hromkla, is recorded in the dedication on fol. 12v. The colophon also records the siege of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187, the Third Crusade (1189-1192) and Frederick Barbarossa's attempt to reclaim Palestine, and Barbarossa's death in 1190. The Canon Tables and the Eusebian letter within quatrefoil frames are decorated with architectural elements, geometric designs, floral motifs, and birds. The codex is further illuminated with historiated and inhabited initials forming the incipits of the Gospels and marginal decoration.
Date Description Narrative
12/31/1969Loan Considerationexamined for loan
9/20/1987Examinationexamined for loan
  • Early Christian and Byzantine Art. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. 1947.
  • Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984-1985.
  • Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Manuscript Illumination. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts. The Morgan Library & Museum, New York; The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1994.
  • Treasures from the Ark: 1700 Years of Armenian Christian Art. British Library, London. 2001.
  • Illuminating the Word: Gospel Books in the Middle Ages. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2004.
  • Armenie: La Magie d'Ecrit. Centre de la Vieille Charité, Marseille. 2007.
  • Beasts on Parchment: Picturing Animals in Medieval Manuscripts. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2010-2011.
Provenance Bishop Karapet, Poghoskan hermitage, 1193, by commission [see dedicatory inscription, fol. 12v and colophon]; Catholicos John VI [Katholikos Ohannes (Yovhannes VI)], before 1221 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Smbat (nephew of Catholicos John VI), 1221, by gift [presented at the patriarchal see of Hromkla, see colophon, fol. 314v]; In the possession of Gevork', son of Nazluxan, in 1770, [mode of acquisition unknown; see inscription on upper board]; Khodja Hovannes (Yohannes), between 14th and 18th centuries, by gift [from Gevork']; Monastery of St. Thomas, between 14th and 18th centuries [mode of acquisition unknown, undated inscription on fol. 314r states that the manuscript was given to the Monastery of T'umay A?ak'eal (Apostle Thomas) in memory of Xawcay Yovanes, his brother Yulut'lu, father Inap, and mother Zatay]; Nazlu Khatun, 1770 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Ter Hohannes, late 18th/early 19th century [mode of acquisition unknown]; New Nakhijevan, Armenia, before 1889 to after 1903; Henry Walters, Baltimore, after 1903 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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ink and pigments on well finished, medium-weight parchment, covered with leather over wooden boards, and metal plaques nailed on the upper cover
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
Overall H: 10 13/16 x W: 7 7/8 x D: 2 15/16 in. (27.5 x 20 x 7.5 cm); Folio H: 10 3/8 × W: 7 5/16 in. (26.4 × 18.5 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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