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Alexander the Great
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Alexander the Great


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description The head and shoulders are meant to be seen in a three-quarter view. The back of the head and shoulders are flattened in two planes that meet at an angle behind the neck. A single groove, used for attachment, cuts vertically through both surfaces. The top of the head is also flat; the remains of a wooden pin suggest that the top part of the head was made of a separate piece of ivory attached with the pin. The bust probably ornamented the fulcrum, or headrest, or a couch. The upswept hair falling back from the low, furrowed forehead, the large deep-set eyes with upward gaze, and the full lips conform to the descriptions of Alexander the Great and to other known representations of him. The closest comparision with this piece is a tiny ivory head (now at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D. C.) identified as Alexander found in a royal tomb at Vergina in northern Greece and thought to have ornamented, together with other ivory heads, the bier of the man buried in the tomb. A direct comparison of the Walters head with large-scale photographes of the Vergina head shows striking similarities in the physiognomy of the features and the artistic style of representation, suggesting that the two are close in date. The Walters head is said to come from Alexandria. During the feuding that followed Alexander's death in Babylon, the ablest of his generals, Ptolemy, managed to acquire Alexander's body for burial in the city named in his honor. The Walters head could have ornamented a funeral couch in the same fashion as heads from the Vergina tomb.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
8/19/1982Treatmentcleaned; examined for condition
1/16/1984Treatmentother
Exhibitions
  • Ivory: The Sumptuous Art. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1983-1984.
  • From Alexander to Cleopatra: Greek Art of the Hellenistic Age. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988-1989.
Provenance Dikran Kelekian New York and Paris [date and mode of acquistiion unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1924, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1924

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Creator
Period
late 4th-3rd century BC (Hellenistic)
Medium
ivory
(Ivory & Bone)
Accession Number
71.493
Measurements
3 1/2 x 1 1/4 in. (8.9 x 3.1 cm) (h. x d.)
Geography
  • Egypt, Alexandria (Place of Discovery)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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