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Chamfron
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Chamfron


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description Horses also needed protection from the enemy's weapons. By the mid-1400s, armorers had devised a near-complete set of armor to protect the steed in battle. Together these formed a bard. The head was covered by a shaffron (from chanfrein, French for the part of a horse's head from the ears to the nostrils). Attached side plates covered the horse's cheeks. The neck was covered by a crinet, the sides by flanchards, and the hindquarters by a crupper. The peytral covered the front of the horse's chest and sides around to the saddle. The legs were left free for easy movement.
Exhibitions
  • World of Wonder. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1971-1972.
Provenance Baron de Cosson; Sir Edward Barry, bart., Ockswell Manor [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Barry Sale, Sotheby, London, July 5, 1965, lot 32; Walters Art Museum, 1965, by purchase.
Credit Museum purchase with funds provided by the S. & A.P. Fund, 1965

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Creator
Period
1500-1550
Medium
steel, iron, leather, (copper alloy in modern restored areas)
(Arms & Armor)
Accession Number
51.1368
Measurements
22 1/16 x 9 15/16 x 9 13/16 in. (56 x 25.2 x 25 cm)
Geographies
  • Italy (Place of Origin)

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