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Qur'an
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Qur'an


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description Walters manuscript W.559 is an illuminated copy of the Qur'an and was excecuted in Sha'ban 723 AH/AD 1323 by Mubarakshah ibn Qutb, honored with the epithet zarrin qalam (golden pen). Mubarakshah ibn Qutb was one of the 6 pupils of the illustrious calligrapher Yaqut al-Musta'simi (d. 698 AH/AD 1298). This manuscript, with a colophon signed and dated by Mubarakshah (fol. 432a), was produced in Ilkhanid, Iran. It opens with a double-page illuminated frontispiece of geometric design painted in blue, black, gold, and green (fols. 1b-2a). Additional ornamentation includes verse markers and textual dividers. The Qur'anic text is written in Naskh script in black ink with chapter headings in gold Tawqi" outlined in black. The Persian interlinear translation in red Naskh likely belongs to a later stage of the manuscript's history, when it was rebound and furnished with new margins. The black goatskin binding has a gold-tooled design of a central lobed medallion, pendants, and cornerpieces with doublures of brown leather and filigree decoration. It probably dates to the 10th century AH/AD 16th.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
12/03/1974Examinationexamined for condition
1/16/1975Treatmentstabilized
Exhibitions
  • Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984-1985.
  • Masterpieces of Ornament. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • Power of the Pen: Islamic Calligraphy in the Fourteenth Century. Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington. 1995-1996.
  • The Divine Word and Sacred Sites of Islam. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1997.
  • Speaking the Word of God: Illuminated Korans from the Walters Art Museum. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2007.
Provenance Henry Walters, Baltimore [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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Period
723 AH/AD 1323
Medium
ink and pigments on dark cream laid Persian paper covered with black goatskin decorated with gold with brown leather doublures
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
W.559
Measurements
Folio H: 7 5/16 x W: 5 5/16 in. (18.5 x 13.5 cm)
Geographies
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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