Description This figure’s intense gaze signals his yogic power—through ascetic practices and the rejection of mainstream social conventions, he has mastered spiritual knowledge. The animal skin upon which he sits and the bone ornaments he wears—including his prominent spiral earrings—confirm his ascetic identity, but his sumptuous robe suggests a connection to worldly life. In his right hand he holds a "vajra," a tantric Buddhist ritual implement that symbolizes the indestructibility and clarity of the enlightened mind. His left hand supports an auspicious vase, symbolizing abundance and longevity. An inscription on the back of the base praises the figure depicted as "one who has the power of wisdom and compassion," but the epithets do not identify him with certainty. He may be the Tibetan Buddhist teacher and scholar Tsangnyon Heruka (1452–1507), who is similarly depicted with a goatee, spiral earrings, and elaborately piled hair. However, Tsangnyon typically holds a skull cup, and his clothing is usually limited to bone ornaments that only minimally cover his body, exposing a torso and belly that swell with yogic breath.
- Desire and Devotion: Art from India, Nepal, and Tibet in the John and Berthe Ford Collection. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara; Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque; Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham. 2001-2003.
Provenance John and Berthe Ford, Baltimore [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 2002, by gift.
Inscriptions [Inscription] མཁྱེན་རྩེའི་ནུས་ལྡན་མདོས་བདེ་མཚན་བཅན་ལ་ན་མོ། ; [Transliteration] Mkhyen rts’i nus ldan mdos bde mtshan bcan la na mo; [Translation] To the one who has the power of wisdom and compassion with the name Dode, I bow!
Credit Gift of John and Berthe Ford, 2002
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