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The Crucifixion
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The Crucifixion


Description Conservation Provenance Inscription Credit
Description Against a pale blue sky streaked with clouds, the dead Christ hangs on the cross between the mourning Virgin Mary and the apostle John. The painting's small size and meticulous execution suggests it was intended to be viewed from close up so that its minutely-described details, such as the pebbles in the foreground or the wood grain of the cross, could be carefully appreciated. That the painting was executed on a piece of parchment (instead of a wood panel) may indicate that it was initially a page of a manuscript that was later cut out and framed as an independent panel painting. The composition is closely based on this painting by Pietro Perugino, one of the most famous painters in Italy during the Renaissance, now at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
3/13/1981Examinationexamined for condition
Provenance Don Marcello Massarenti Collection, Rome [date and mode of acquisition unknown] [1897 catalogue: no. 134, as Perugino]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Transcription] On the cross: INRI [abbreviation for]: Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudeourm; [translation]: Jesus of Nazarus, King of the Jews
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters with the Massarenti Collection, 1902

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Period
early 16th century (Renaissance)
Medium
tempera (later retouched with oil) on parchment mounted on wood panel
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
37.1174
Measurements
Painted surface H: 10 7/8 x W: 7 5/16 in. (27.6 x 18.5 cm); Composite wood support H: 13 5/16 x W: 9 3/4 x Approx. D: 3/8 in. (33.8 x 24.7 x 1 cm)
Geographies
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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