Description A French inscription on the back of this miniature identifies the subject as "Marie Louise, Archduchess of Austria, Empress of the French, and Queen of Italy, painted by L. Mansion, [i.e. André-Léon Larue] 2 October 1812." The daughter of Francis I, Emperor of Austria, Marie-Louise (1791-1847) became Napoleon's second wife in 1810, after he divorced Joséphine de Beauharnais, who could not bear him children. After Napoleon's death in 1821, Marie Louise remarried twice. Mansion, a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Isabey, painted miniatures in both Paris and London. The sitter wears a red velvet dress embroidered with flowers, edged with white lace, a pearl necklace and earrings, and a gold diadem set with pearls.
Provenance William T. Walters, Baltimore [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1894, by inheritance; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Signature] Mansion; [Date] 1812; [Transcription] On back: Marie Louise, Archiduchesse d'Autriche, Imperatrice des Francais et Reine d'Italie, peint par L. Mansion 2 octobre 1812; [Translation] On back: Marie Louise, Archduchess of Austria, Empress of the French, and Queen of Italy, painted by L. Mansion, 2 October 1812
Credit Acquired by William T. Walters
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