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Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This Gallican Psalter was created in the diocese of Constance, Southern Germany, in the first half of the thirteenth century. The psalms, which originally had an eight-part liturgical division, have been badly misbound, and approximately half of them are lost entirely. Extensively illuminated with over 100 historiated, inhabited, and decorated initials, the manuscript is impressive even in its fragmentary state. The saints found in the litany help locate the manuscript to Constance, and also suggest Cistercian use. That the manuscript was well used is attested to by late thirteenth-century additions of antiphons in the margins, as well as an added German meditation on the Passion of the same period.
  • Schatzkammer: Henry Walters' German Manuscripts. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2006.
Provenance Léon Gruel and Robert Engelmann Collection, Paris, late 19th century [1]; Léon Gruel, Paris, ca. 1900 [2]; purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1905; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] no. 394 [2] no. 2
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1905

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1st half 13th century
ink and pigments on heavy, well-finished cream-colored parchment bound between millboard (?) covered with red velvet
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
Folio H: 8 11/16 × W: 6 in. (22 × 15.3 cm)
  • Constance (Place of Binding)
  • Germany (Place of Binding)
  • France, Paris (Place of Binding)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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