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Madonna and Child, the Trinity, and Saints
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Madonna and Child, the Trinity, and Saints


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description This massive altarpiece—intact but unfortunately much damaged—comprises ten panels arranged in two registers. In each panel the figures silhouetted against a background of elaborately tooled gold leaf, which would have flickered in the candlelight of the dimly lit church where the painting was originally installed. Such effects were intended to enhance the illusion that the worshipper was witnessing an assemblage of holy figures in a celestial realm. On the lower level is the Madonna, enthroned and crowned as Queen of Heaven, supporting the Christ Child on her lap and flanked by (left to right) Saints Clare, Sebastian, an anonymous saint holding a sword and arrow, and Mary Magdalen. On the upper level is the Trinity—represented as God the Father holding the crucified Christ and the Holy Spirit—flanked by (left to right) half-length images of Saints Jerome, Catherine, an anonymous bishop saint, and Saint Apollonia. The two-tiered format, gold ground, and stylized figures, with their wide eyes and immobile features, are typical of traditional altarpieces produced in the late 1400s in the northernmost parts of Italy near the Alps. This impressive, complete example was produced in 1494 in the region of Piedmont, not far from the French border, by the artist Manfredino Bosilio. It is notably the artist’s only painting in an American museum.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
1/01/1900Examinationexamined for condition
11/04/1937Treatmentrepaired
11/04/1937Treatmentcleaned; examined for condition; repaired
7/01/1957Treatmentcleaned; re-housed
7/07/1966Treatmentexamined for condition; repaired
7/07/1966Treatmentrepaired; other
8/24/1966Treatmentexamined for condition; repaired
8/24/1966Treatmentrepaired; other
8/25/1966Treatmentexamined for condition; repaired
8/25/1966Treatmentrepaired; other
8/27/1966Treatmentrepaired; other
8/27/1966Treatmentexamined for condition; repaired
5/08/1996Treatmentcleaned
Exhibitions
  • To Arrest the Ravages of Time: Caring for Art at the Walters. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1996.
Provenance Church of Santa Maria delle Ghiare, Pozzolo Formigaro, from 1494 until 1882. Don Marcello Massarenti Collection, Rome [date and mode of acquisition unknown] [1897 catalogue: no. 76, as Tuscan School, early 15th century]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Transcription] On haloes of saints in upper row: SANC IEROMU; SANCTA CATERINA; REX REGVM ET DNS [D]OMI; SAN...MA...IA' SA[N]CTA APOLONIA.VIRGO ET M.; [Transcription] On haloes of saints in lower row: SANCTA.MONICA.AG[OSTINI].MATER; SANCTVS.SEBASTIANVS.MART; AVE MARIA GRATIA PLENA DOMINI; SANCTVS. SEBASTIANVS; SANCTA. CLARA. DEMONTEFA[LCO]
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters with the Massarenti Collection, 1902

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Period
1494 (Renaissance)
Medium
tempera and gold leaf on wood panel
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
37.636
Measurements
H with frame: 153 15/16 x W: 91 7/16 in. (391 x 232.3 cm); Saints Jerome and Monica panel H: 128 1/8 x W: 16 3/4 x D: 1 in. (325.5 x 42.5 x 2.6 cm); Saints Catherine and Sebastian panel H: 128 1/8 x W: 16 3/4 x D: 1 1/8 in. (325.5 x 42.5 x 2.8 cm); Madonna and Child and Trinity panel H: 146 5/8 x W: 22 7/16 x D: 1 5/16 in. (372.5 x 57 x 3.4 cm); Bishop and Saint Sebastian panel H: 127 13/16 x W: 16 9/16 x D: 1 1/4 in. (324.7 x 42 x 3.2 cm); Saints Apollonia and Clare panels H including added members: 127 7/8 x W: 16 5/16 x Approx. D: 1 in. (324.8 x 41.5 x 2.5 cm)
Geographies
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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