Results 1 275
10 Previous Next

Boundary Stone
Additional Views Explore Object
Creative Commons License

Boundary Stone

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description A "kudurru," the Akkadian term for boundary stone, combines images of the king, gods, and divine symbols with a text recording royal grants of land and tax exemption to an individual. While the original was housed in the temple, a copy of the document was kept at the site of the land in question. This example was found at the temple of Esagila, the primary sanctuary of the god Marduk. The king Marduk-nadin-ahe is depicted with his left hand raised in front of his face; he wears the tall Babylonian feathered crown and an elaborately decorated garment with a honeycomb pattern. On the top are a sun disk, star, crescent moon, and scorpion, representing deities who witnessed the land grant and tax exemption. A snake-dragon deity emerges from a row of altars shaped like temple façades along the back.
Date Description Narrative
2/12/1964Examinationexamined for exhibition
  • Thou Shalt Have No Other Gods Before Me. The Jewish Museum, New York. 1964.
  • The Taste of Maryland: Art Collecting in Maryland 1800-1934. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984.
Provenance Dikran Kelekian, Paris and New York; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1922, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Inscription] On reverse
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1922

Download Image Add to Collection Creative Commons License

1099-1082 BCE (Middle Babylonian)
Accession Number
11 x 8 1/4 x 4 1/4 in. (28 x 21 x 10.8 cm)
  • Iraq, Babylon, Esagila (Place of Discovery)


    Thumbnail: Boundary Stone Thumbnail: Boundary Stone Thumbnail: Boundary Stone Thumbnail: Boundary Stone
    Zoom Out Zoom In Back to Details  
    Full Size: Boundary Stone