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Mahasiddha Jalandharapa
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Mahasiddha Jalandharapa


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description An inscription on the back of the base identifies the male figure of this pair as Jalandharapa, one of the eighty-four Tantric Buddhist "mahasiddhas": spiritual adepts who have attained great powers and have reached a state of enlightenment, usually through a rejection of societal norms. Here, a female consort sits on Jalandharapa’s left thigh and offers him a skull cup filled with blood. In Tantric Buddhist symbolism, both skull cups and female partners are identified with wisdom and enlightened knowledge, and this consort may allude to the "dakini" (goddess or female ritual partner) who imparted to Jalandharapa the teachings that led to his enlightenment. Both figures wear an abundance of jewels and lower garments incised with fine patterns that represent textile designs. Such adornment is not typical of the characteristically ascetic “mahasiddha appearance,” but the antelope skin on which Jalandharapa sits, the skulls on his diadem, and his intense, red-rimmed stare—indicative of his heated inner power—are consistent with other depictions of mahasiddhas. The multipronged "vajra" finial that crowns his topknot is a symbol of the Tantric Buddhist traditions and the indestructibility of their teachings, and reinforces the religious affiliation of the sculpture.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
8/14/2004Examinationexamined for loan
Exhibitions
  • Desire and Devotion: Art from India, Nepal, and Tibet in the John and Berthe Ford Collection. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara; Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque; Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham; Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong. 2001-2003.
  • Holy Madness: Portraits of Tantric Siddhas. Rubin Museum of Art, New York. 2006.
Provenance Ian Alsop, New York and Santa Fe; purchased by John and Berthe Ford, Baltimore, June 1970; given to Walters Art Museum, 2016.
Inscriptions [Inscription] On foot of pedestal: Jalandharapa
Credit Gift of John and Berthe Ford, 2016

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Creator
Period
15th century
Medium
gilded copper alloy with paint and semiprecious stones
(Sculpture)
Accession Number
54.3102
Measurements
H: 10 × W: 8 1/4 × D: 6 3/4 in. (25.4 × 21 × 17.1 cm)
Geographies
  • Tibet (Place of Origin)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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