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Temple Pendant (Kolt) with Two Birds
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Temple Pendant (Kolt) with Two Birds


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description "Kolty" (singular "kolt") are pendants that attached to a woman's headdress at the temples. The hollow space within the two concave gold disks that compose a "kolt" contained perfumes or scented oils. The pendants were usually decorated on both sides, since they could rotate as the woman walked. This "kolt" is decorated with delicate cloisonné enamel, a technique learned from Byzantine masters starting in the late 10th century. "Kolty" were frequently worn at wedding ceremonies; the lilies (center), birds, and seeds that fleck the birds' breasts are all symbols of fertility. The bird is also an image retained from Russia's pagan past.
Exhibitions
  • Early Christian and Byzantine Art. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. 1947.
  • Russian Art: Icons and Decorative Arts from the Origin to the Twentieth Century. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1959-1960.
  • Jewelry - Ancient to Modern. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1979-1980.
  • Russian Enamels. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1996-1997.
  • Bedazzled: 5,000 Years of Jewelry from the Walters Art Museum. Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota; The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2006-2009.
  • Bedazzled: 5,000 Years of Jewelry. El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso. 2010.
Provenance Henri Daguerre, Paris, by purchase; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1925, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1925

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Creator
Period
12th century (Medieval)
Medium
electrum, cloisonné enamel
(Enamels)
Accession Number
44.302
Measurements
2 1/16 x 1 7/8 x 5/16 in. (5.2 x 4.7 x 0.8 cm)
Geographies
  • Ukraine, Kiev (Place of Origin)
  • Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople) (Place of Discovery)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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