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Cylinder Seal with a Contest Scene
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Cylinder Seal with a Contest Scene

Description Conservation Provenance Credit
Description The Assyrian empire rose to power in the Middle Assyrian period. During this time, the art of the cylinder seal increased in naturalism, movement, and sculptural quality. Seal carvers also expanded their repertoire of fantastic and mythical creatures. On this seal, a bird-man with a scorpion tail aims a bow and arrow at a winged lion-griffin standing on a hillock. Cylinder seals are cylindrical objects carved in reverse (intaglio) in order to leave raised impressions when rolled into clay. Seals were generally used to mark ownership, and they could act as official identifiers, like a signature, for individuals and institutions. A seal’s owner rolled impressions in wet clay to secure property such as baskets, letters, jars, and even rooms and buildings. This clay sealing prevented tampering because it had to be broken in order to access a safeguarded item. Cylinder seals were often made of durable material, usually stone, and most were drilled lengthwise so they could be strung and worn. A seal’s material and the images inscribed on the seal itself could be protective. The artistry and design might be appreciated and considered decorative as well. Cylinder seals were produced in the Near East beginning in the fourth millennium BCE and date to every period through the end of the first millennium BCE.
Date Description Narrative
Provenance Henry Walters, Baltimore, [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Sadie Jones (Mrs. Henry Walters), New York, 1931, by inheritance; Joseph Brummer, Paris and New York, 1941, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1941, by purchase.
Credit Museum purchase [formerly part of the Walters Collection], 1941

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mid 14th-12th century BCE (Middle Assyrian)
carved chalcedony
(Precious Stones & Gems)
Accession Number
H: 1 1/4 x Diam: 9/16 in. (3.2 x 1.4 cm)


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