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Almugavar Hours

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This book of hours was produced ca. 1510-1520 for a member of the Catalonian Almugavar (or Almogaver) family, whose coat of arms appears throughout the manuscript in the borders of the lavish full-page miniatures. There are twenty-six full-page polychrome miniatures (three are missing), of which six were removed from the original quire structure after portions of the miniatures were excised, and then returned to the manuscript, having been pasted onto heavy card-stock folios. There are also eighteen full-page incipits, of which three include historiated vignettes, and numerous folios with elaborate floral motif borders. A significant number of feast days associated with Barcelona help reinforce the Spanish attribution of the manuscript, although the style of the decoration is clearly influenced by contemporary Flemish design.
Date Description Narrative
12/09/2016Treatmentbinding stabilized; examined for exhibition; examined for loan; media consolidation
  • God's Minstrel: St. Francis of Assisi. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1982.
  • Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • A Feast for the Senses: Art and Experience in Medieval Europe. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 2016-2017.
  • The Saint Francis Missal. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2020.
Provenance Commissioned by the Amulgavar family, Catalonia, 1510-1520 [1]. Viscount Joseph de Ayala, 18th century [2]. Purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] Amulgavar coat of arms appears throughout manuscript [2] Inscription on fol. 1r
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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ink and pigments on very thin to medium-weight calfskin covered with reddish brown morocco blind-tooled and stamped with gold, gilded bands of feathers along outer edges, blind-tooled beaded guilloché roll and three gilded fillets in the central octagonal space
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
Overall H: 7 7/8 x W: 5 1/8 in. (20 x 13 cm); Folio H: 7 7/16 × W: 5 1/16 in. (18.9 × 12.9 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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