Description The biblical book of Daniel tells of Susanna, a married woman who is spied upon by two old judges while bathing in her garden. They attempt to force themselves upon her, saying that if she does not submit, they will accuse her of adultery. With Daniel's assistance, Susanna's innocence is established, and the two elders are put to death. This painting depicts the unhappy woman as she tries to escape the advances and gazes of the men. The focus on her body testifies to her innocence and virtue, as truth was often symbolized by a nude woman, but was also meant to appeal to male patrons. The soft, luminous coloring is characteristic of the late Roman baroque style. For more information on this painting, please see Federico Zeri's 1976 catalogue no. 334, pp. 459-460.
- Hot, Dry Men; Cold, Wet Women. Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown. 1993.
- Going for Baroque. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1995-1996.
- Hot Dry Men, Cold Wet Women: The Theory for Humors in Western European Art, 1575-1700. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha; Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 1997-1998.
Provenance Don Marcello Massarenti Collection, Rome [date and mode of acquisition unknown] [1881 catalogue: no. 211; 1897 catalogue: no. 216, as Cagnacci]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters with the Massarenti Collection, 1902
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