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Left Side of a Double-page Illumination Introducing Surat al-fatihah
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Left Side of a Double-page Illumination Introducing Surat al-fatihah


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This folio from Walters manuscript W.563 is the left side of a double-page illumination introducing Surat al-fatihah (ch. 1). It contains commentary on the manuscript in Arabic and Persian. This large-format, illuminated Timurid copy of the Qur’an is believed to have been produced in Northern India in the ninth century AH / fifteenth CE. The manuscript opens with a series of illuminated frontispieces. The main text is written in a large, vocalized polychrome muḥaqqaq script. Marginal explanations of the readings of particular words and phrases are in thuluth and naskh scripts, and there is interlinear Persian translation in red naskh script. The fore-edge flap of the gold-tooled, brown leather binding is inscribed with verses 77 through 80 from Chapter 56 (Sūrat al-wāqiʿah). The seal of Sultan Bayezid II (886–917 AH / 1481-1512 CE) appears on fol. 8a. There is an erased bequest (waqf) statement and stamp of Sultan ʿUthmān Khān (432-6 AH / 1027-31 CE) on fol. 3a.
Exhibitions
  • Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984-1985.
  • Masterpieces of Ornament. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • The Divine Word and Sacred Sites of Islam. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1997.
  • Speaking the Word of God: Illuminated Korans from the Walters Art Museum. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2007.
Provenance Sultan 'Uthman Khan [1]; Sultan Bayezid II [2]; Dikran Kelekian, New York and Paris; purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] Erased bequest (waqf) statement and stamp on fol. 3a [2] Seal on fol. 8a
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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Creator
Period
15th century (Timurid)
Medium
ink, paint, and gold on thin laid paper
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
W.563.9A
Measurements
H: 15 3/4 x W: 12 3/16 in. (40 x 31 cm)
Geographies
  • India (Place of Origin)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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