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Cylindrical Box or Pyxis
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Cylindrical Box or Pyxis

Description Conservation Provenance Credit
Description This ivory object, along with Walters 71.310 and Walters 71.314 were created by Muslim craftsmen, probably working in Palermo, Sicily, for the Christian court of the Norman rulers (11th-13th century) and were intended for personal use as containers for perfumes, cosmetics, and jewelry. Many such small boxes and coffers, decorated with typically Islamic motifs such as birds, animals, and geometric designs, eventually ended up in Europe and took on a Christian function. They were often placed on church altars to hold the Host (Communion wafer) for the Mass and sometimes were even transformed into reliquaries to contain the remains of saints. Preserved in church treasuries, these examples of secular Islamic art were admired and copied by European artists making Christian liturgical vessels.
Date Description Narrative
Provenance Count Grigori Strogonoff, Rome; Elia Volpi, Florence [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Elia Volpi Sale, Florence, 1916, no. 3; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1916 (?), by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1916 (?)

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12th century (Medieval)
ivory, paint, metal fittings
(Ivory & Bone)
Accession Number
5 1/8 x 4 1/2 in. (13 x 11.5 cm)


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