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Alexander the Great
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Alexander the Great


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description Said to be from Alexandria, the city in Egypt founded by Alexander in 331 BCE, this small bronze statuette depicts the youthful Alexander with long, full hair. His hair, with the characteristic "anastole," and the shape of his face have led scholars to posit that this portrait derives from a Lysippan original, created during Alexander's lifetime. Alexander stands in "contrapposto" with the weight on his right leg. His right arm is raised, and he probably held a spear or lance in this hand. This statuette is of particular interest for the garment worn by Alexander. He wears an aegis shaped as a loosely draped "chlamys," a type of cloak often worn by Macedonian soldiers. The aegis is embellished with incised scales and a Gorgoneion at Alexander's left breast, which is typical for this statue type. Alongside the edge of the aegis are a number of holes, where small snakes might have been attached. This statue type has been linked with the Alexander "Aigiochos" ("Alexander wearing the aegis") mentioned in literary sources (see Steward 1993, 243-52; Parlasca 2004; Reinsberg 2005, 226-29). Parallels indicate that Alexander might have held the Palladion, an archaistic statue type of Athena seized by Diomedes and Odysseus from Troy in his outstretched right hand. The aegis links Alexander to Zeus and Athena, but also to the city of Alexandria, which ancient authors said was laid out in the shape of a chlamys. Like Athena for Athens, he is represented as patron and founder of Alexandria and the aegis associates him with divine power.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
10/01/1948Treatmentrepaired
6/07/1957Treatmentcleaned
9/15/1959Treatmentcleaned
9/18/1974Treatmentrepaired
8/03/1981Loan Considerationexamined for loan
2/17/1982Treatmentrepaired
10/20/1982Loan Considerationexamined for loan
5/26/1988Treatmentcleaned; loss compensation
10/31/1988Treatmentloss compensation
3/01/2002Treatmentcleaned; coated
4/01/2004Loan Considerationexamined for loan
1/31/2011Treatmentcleaned
Exhibitions
  • The Search for Alexander. National Gallery of Art, Washington; The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston; Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco; New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. 1980-1983.
  • From Alexander to Cleopatra: Greek Art of the Hellenistic Age. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988-1989.
  • Hellenistic Bronze Exchange with Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin. 1995-1996.
  • Serapis: The Creation of a God. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2002.
  • Ägypten Griechenland Rom: Abwehr und Berührung. Staedtische Galerie Liebieghaus, Frankfurt am Main. 2005-2006.
  • Heroes: Mortals and Myths in Ancient Greece. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville; San Diego Museum Of Art, San Diego; Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), New York. 2009-2011.
Provenance Dikran Kelekian, New York and Paris [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1922, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1922

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Creators
Period
Roman copy: 1st-3rd century
Medium
bronze, inlaid with silver
(Metal)
Accession Number
54.1075
Measurements
H: 4 3/4 x W: 2 9/16 x D: 1 1/4 in. (12 x 6.5 x 3.2 cm). 0.48 lbs (0.218 kg)
Geography
  • Egypt, Alexandria (Place of Discovery)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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