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Three Treatises by Honorius Augustodunensis
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Three Treatises by Honorius Augustodunensis


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This manuscript was created in southern Germany or northern Austria in the second half of the twelfth century. It is remarkable for having retained its original binding, made of stamped deerskin on wood. The text contains three exegetical works by Honorius Augustodunensis, a monastic scholar active in the first half of the twelfth century. The main text, an exposition of the Song of Songs, is accompanied by a striking series of images that depict the four "brides" who form the basic organizing principle of the interpretation. It is possible that Honorius himself devised these images to accompany his text (see Curschmann, "Imagined Exegesis," 153f and Cohen, "Synagoga Conversa," 321). Five other extant late twelfth-century manuscripts, all from the same geographical region, contain these texts, and the illustrations in each are remarkably uniform in their representation of the brides (see, e.g., Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 4550). This manuscript, written in the same region and around the same time as Honorius's composition, offers a rare glimpse into what must have been a vibrant and complex culture of reading, writing, and illustration.
Exhibitions
  • Splendor in Books. Grolier Club, New York; The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1977-1978.
  • Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984-1985.
  • Judging a Book by its Cover: Fine Bindings. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • Schatzkammer: Henry Walters' German Manuscripts. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2006.
  • The Saint John's Bible: A Modern Vision through Medieval Methods. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2009.
Provenance Southern Germany or northern Austria, perhaps Lambach or Salzburg, ca. 1150-1200 [see Holter, "Initialen," 261f and Hoffman, 287]; Lambach library [numbered B.67 on upper board, 94 and LXXXXIV, and 184 on spine]; Jacques Rosenthal [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Rosenthal Sale, Munich, 1928 [cat. 90, no. 144]; Gruel [no. 1369, bookplate on front pastedown] [date and mode of acquisition unknown, probably from Rosenthal Sale]; Henry Walters, Baltimore [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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Period
2nd half 12th century (Medieval)
Medium
ink and pigments on parchment bound between beech boards covered with light to medium brown deerskin
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
W.29
Measurements
Folio H: 10 1/2 x W: 7 5/16 in. (26.6 x 18 cm)
Geographies
  • Germany (Place of Origin)
  • Austria, Lambach (Place of Origin)
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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