Description This gem displays an "ouroborus," (a serpent which swallows its own tail to create a closed circle) encircling a scarab beetle and a long inscription, which is made up of magical words. The reverse displays a Pataikos standing on crocodiles, flanked by the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Above the god is a head of Hathor with a winged sun-disk. Gems with magical icons and words were believed to be protective.
- Early Christian and Byzantine Art. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. 1947.
Provenance Henry Walters, New York [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Sadie Jones (Mrs. Henry Walters), New York, 1931, by inheritance; Mrs. Henry Walters Sale, Joseph Brummer, New York, 1942; Walters Art Museum, 1942, by purchase.
Credit Museum purchase [formerly part of the Walters Collection], 1942
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