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Psalter of St. Mary of Strasbourg


Description Provenance Credit
Description This Latin psalter was made in the second half of the thirteenth century for use in the Diocese of Constance, Germany. By the fourteenth century, it was owned by the church of St. Mary of Strasbourg, from which it gets its name. The long life and enthusiastic use of the manuscript is attested to by a multitude of added inscriptions, prayers, and antiphons with neumes, most dating to the fifteenth or sixteenth century. An early system of bookmarking is also evident; strips of parchment have been cut in some of the margins and folded through a slit in the leaf, creating tabs that would have helped the reader navigate through the text. Illumination also served this function, for while a short cycle of images from the life of Christ introduces the manuscript, the rest of the illuminations--large decorated initials as well as smaller ones in silver and gold--mark the important psalms for the reader. The style of illumination found here is closely related to two other psalters from Constance: Sigmaringen, Royal State Archives Ms. 11 and Fulda, Hessische Landesbibliothek Fulda Ms. Aa 82.
Provenance Made for use in the Diocese of Constance after 1224; Used by the church of St. Mary of Strasbourg, 14th century; Owned by Dominicans in the 15th century(?); Martin Bassonier, 15th century, [mode of acquisition unknown; signature on back pastedown]; Bénigne-Charles Févret de Saint Mémin (1770-1852), France, [mode of acquisition unknown, bookplate on front pastedown]; Léon Gruel collection, Paris, late 19th or early 20th century, [mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, before 1931, [acquired from Gruel, mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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Creator
Period
2nd half 13th century
Medium
ink and pigments on medium- to heavy-weight parchment between beech boards covered with alum-tawed pigskin(?); pastedowns made from leaves of a thirteenth-century psalter litany; blind-tooled fillet decoration in a diaper pattern on boards, particularly visible on the lower board; brass clasp added in the fifteenth century(?)
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
W.69
Measurements
H: 7 5/8 x W: 5 3/8 in. (19.4 x 13.7 cm)
Geographies
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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