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Bell with Saints Peter, Paul, John, and Thomas
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Bell with Saints Peter, Paul, John, and Thomas


Description Conservation Provenance Inscription Credit
Description Bells were used to call the faithful to services throughout the Middle Ages. They also marked deaths, and were even believed to ward off storms and other dangers. Although many churches had bells, few medieval examples survive because they were often recast when they were damaged or melted down so that the metal could be reused. We do not have much information about the origin of this bell, but its long, narrow shape resembles several bells known to have been made in the mid-fifteenth century in Austria. The bell has four figures in relief: Saints Peter, Paul, John the Evangelist, and Thomas. The apostles are identified by their attributes: Peter holds the keys to heaven; Paul is shown with the sword of his execution; John the Evangelist holds his sacred writings; and Thomas holds a ruler, alluding to his role as patron of architects. The founder who made the bell has signed his work with the inscription P.K. ME FECIT (PK made me), and the bell is further inscribed with the words XPS VINCIT, XPS REGNAT, XPS I[M]P[ER]AT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ rules).
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
6/22/1971Treatmentcleaned
Provenance Jules Domergue, Paris; Arnold Seligmann, Paris; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1922, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Signature] Cast inscription on upper band +P.K. MEFECIT; [Translation] P. K. made me. [Transcription] Cast on upper band: +XPS VINCIT XPS REGNAT XPS I[M]P[ER]AT; [Translation] Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ rules.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1922

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Creator
Period
2nd half 14th century (Medieval)
Medium
bronze
(Metal)
Accession Number
54.79
Measurements
H: 33 1/4 x Diam: 21 15/16 in. (84.4 x 55.7 cm)
Geographies
  • Austria (?) (Place of Origin)
  • Carniola, Slovenia (?) (Place of Origin)

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