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The Crucifixion; Saint Michael
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The Crucifixion; Saint Michael


Description Conservation Provenance Inscription Credit
Description This double-sided painting is a standard intended to be carried during processions and other religious ceremonies. It was probably made for a brotherhood devoted to Saint Michael located in a town in Marche. On one side is the Crucifixion with the mourning Virgin and Saint John. On the reverse, Saint Michael tramples the devil and holds the scales in which he weighs a blessed soul; kneeling at his feet are members of the brotherhood, clad in white habits with cowls as is usual in the orders of flagellants (people who whip themselves to show penitence). For more information on this standard, please see Federico Zeri's 1976 catalogue no. 127, pp. 193-194.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
9/17/1940Treatmentinpainted; repaired; varnish removed or reduced
6/10/2003Examinationexamined for condition
Provenance Bernard Berenson [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, ca. 1915 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Transcription] On obverse with the Crucifixion, in Virgin's halo: MEMENTO [MEI MATER DEI]; [Translation] In Virgin's halo: Remember me, O Mother of God; [Transcription] In Christ's halo: [A]VE LUX M[UNDI]; [Translation] In Christ's halo: Hail, Light of the World; [Transcription] In St. John's halo: IOHANNES
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, ca. 1915

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Period
ca. 1480-1490 (early Renaissance)
Medium
tempera, oil, and gold leaf on wood panel
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
37.496
Measurements
H: 29 7/8 x W: 21 3/8 x Approx. D: 7/8 in. (75.9 x 54.3 x 2.3 cm); St. Michael painted surface H: 22 1/16 x W: 13 3/4 in. (56 x 34.9 cm); Crucifixion painted surface H: 21 15/16 x W: 13 3/4 in. (55.8 x 34.9 cm)
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