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The Confessional
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The Confessional

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description Tissot painted "The Confessional" during the first stage of his career, before he left Paris and took up residence in London after the Commune in 1871. Although he was a friend of Courbet, Manet, and Degas, his style shows very little of their influence. His work is more descriptive than theirs, and he focused exclusively on the upper echelons of society. Tissot's women were the paradigm of contemporary feminine beauty and grace, against which Degas later rebelled with his piercing analysis of dancers, prostitutes, and bathers. Ostensibly a devotional image, "The Confessional" reads more like a fashion plate. The rich velvet of the woman's dress, satin bow on her hat, stiff lace cuffs, and fine striped shawl with long fringe thrown over her shoulders show her to be a woman of class and refinement. Only the linen handkerchief she holds in her right hand signals any remorse for the sins just confessed. The confessional, with its ornate moldings and carved floral decorations, serves as a foil for the subject's sumptuous outfit. Christopher Wood remarked that Tissot seemed less concerned with his sitters' religious sincerity than with her "decorative" quality (C. Wood, "Tissot," London, 1986:34). Tissot painted a variation on this theme, which appeared on the art market in 1999. These works were made long before the artist's conversion to Catholicism in the 1880s and convey a fair amount of ennui if not irony.
Date Description Narrative
12/06/1978Examinationexamined for exhibition
1/01/2002Treatmentexamined for exhibition; re-housed; other
  • French Masterworks on Paper. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1992.
  • James Jacques Joseph Tissot, 1836-1902: A Retrospective Exhibition. Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. 1968.
  • A Baltimorean in Paris: George A. Lucas, 1860-1909. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1979.
  • A Connoisseur's Portfolio: Nineteenth-century Drawings and Watercolors in the Walters Art Gallery. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1983.
  • A Discerning Eye: Nineteenth-century Drawings and Watercolors. Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1998-1999.
  • Botanical Delights: Floral Motifs in 19th-Century Art. Government House, Annapolis; Strathmore Hall Art Center, North Bethesda; Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1998-1999.
  • The Essence of Line: French Drawings from Ingres to Degas. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore; Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma. 2005-2006.
Provenance William T. Walters, Baltimore, January 14, 1867, by commission [George A. Lucas as agent]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1894, by inheritance; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions "Tissot" in red, lower left, recto, partially trimmed; "Tissot" in graphite on the verso
Credit Commissioned by William T. Walters, 1867

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watercolor with scraping, gum heightening, and graphite underdrawing on cream, moderately thick, slightly textured wove paper
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
H: 10 3/8 x W: 5 11/16 in. (26.4 x 14.4 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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