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Saint James the Great
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Saint James the Great

Description Conservation Provenance Inscription Credit
Description This panel depicts Saint James the Great standing beneath on arch before a distant landscape. One of Christ’s twelve apostles, James carries his traditional attributes of a seashell and pilgrim’s staff, both in reference to the famous pilgrimage destination dedicated to him, Santiago de Compostella in Spain. The painting was originally joined by three others, also in the Walters’ collection (37.508A, 37.508B, 37.508C). They may have functioned as organ shutters: in Renaissance Italy, painted panels of full-length standing saints were often hinged to the sides of organ pipes, over which they were folded when the instrument was not in use. The artist remains unknown. The illumination of the figures from a clear, warm light, falling from the left and rendering them almost statuesque, suggests they painted in or near Venice in the early 16th century by someone in the circle of Giovanni Bellini (ca. 1431/36-1516), famous for his depiction of light. After the panels were purchased by Henry Walters they were variously assigned to Niccolò Rondinelli (documented 1495-1502) and Pier Maria Pennacchi (1464-ca. 1515), both active in Venice and its surroundings in the late 1400s and early 1500s. In the 1970s they were reassigned to another painter from the region, Pellegrino da San Daniele (1467-1547). The latter suggestion is perhaps the most convincing but the question ultimately remains open.
Date Description Narrative
9/21/1938Treatmentexamined for condition; reconstructed
2/01/1974Treatmentcleaned; coated; filled; inpainted; reconstructed; stabilized
Provenance William T. / Henry Walters Collection, Baltimore, prior to 1916 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Transcription] At bottom of rr St. James panel: S. JACOBUS MAIOR; [Number] On paper label on reverse of panel
Credit Acquired by William T. or Henry Walters, before 1916

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1500-1510 (Renaissance)
oil on wood panel
(Painting & Drawing)
Accession Number
Painted surface H: 52 13/16 x W: 16 7/16 x Approx. D: 1 in. (134.2 x 41.7 x 2.6 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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