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The Hours of Ogier Bénigne
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The Hours of Ogier Bénigne

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This Book of Hours was created for use of Rome in ca. 1470-80. Regional saints in the calendar and litany indicate the residence of the unknown first owner in Burgundy. The book became into the possession of a woman named Louise Grefier in Dijon, whose burial in 1537 is recorded on fol. 141v. Other entries at the front and at the back of the book assure the ownership of the book by Grefier’s descendents until 1625 at latest. The most unique subject in this prayer book appears on a bifolio inserted in the sixteenth century (fols. 17v-18r). Fol. 17v presents a full-page view of the Miraculous Bleeding Host of Dijon enshrined in a monstrance; on the facing page, a traditional prayer for the elevation of the Host is bordered by quatrains recounting the provenance of the relic, namely, a Jew’s desecration of the Host, its miraculous bleeding and gift by the Pope Eugene IV in 1433 to the Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. The gold monstrance encasing the Host was a gift of the duke’s wife, Isabelle of Portugal to her husband in 1454. The depiction of a crown atop the reliquary offers a terminus post quem for the attachment of the bifolio, as it refers to Louise XII’s gift in 1505 of his coronation crown to the Sainte-Chapelle in Dijon, where the Miraculous Host had been housed since 1433.
Date Description Narrative
8/11/2016Treatmentexamined for digitization; examined for exhibition; media consolidation; splits mended
  • Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • For This is My Body: The Medieval Missal. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2006-2007.
  • A Feast for the Senses: Art and Experience in Medieval Europe. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 2016-2017.
Provenance Louise Grefier, Dijon, before 1537; inherited successively by the descendants of Louise Grefier, until 1625 [1]. Howel Wills [1854?-1901], Florence, mid-late 19th century; Wills Sale, London, July 11 1894, no. 828; purchased by Bernard Quaritch, London, 1894. Leo. S. Olschki, Florence, late 19th-early 20th century; purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore, ca. 1912; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] Entries by family members in front and back of manuscript, including Ogier Bénigne
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters before 1931

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ca. 1480
ink and pigments on medium-weight unevenly prepared parchment bound between boards covered with leather
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
Folio H: 9 3/16 × W: 6 3/16 in. (23.3 × 15.7 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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