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Box (Pyx)
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Box (Pyx)


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This ivory object, along with others in the Walters collection, were created by Muslim craftsmen, probably working in Palermo, Sicily, for the Christian court of the Norman rulers (11th-13th century) and were intended for personal use as containers for perfumes, cosmetics, and jewelry. Many such small boxes and coffers, decorated with typically Islamic motifs such as birds, animals, and geometric designs, eventually ended up in Europe and took on a Christian function. They were often placed on church altars to hold the Host (Communion wafer) for the Mass and sometimes were even transformed into reliquaries to contain the remains of saints. Preserved in church treasuries, these examples of secular Islamic art were admired and copied by European artists making Christian liturgical vessels.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
9/01/2001Treatmentcleaned
Exhibitions
  • World of Wonder. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1971-1972.
Provenance Germanisches Museum, Nürnberg; Léon Gruel, Paris [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1925, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1925

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Creator
Period
12th-13th century (Medieval)
Medium
Ivory (elephant tusk), rock crystal, silver band, gilded copper alloy mounts, black paint
(Ivory & Bone)
Accession Number
71.314
Measurements
H: 5 1/16 x Diam: 3 15/16 in. (12.9 x 10 cm)
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