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Doffinnes Hours

Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This Book of Hours was named the Doffinnes Hours after Franchoise de Doffinnes, who owned the book in the late sixteenth century and whose family's subsequent history remains chronicled on the book's final folios. However, the manuscript was originally made in the first quarter of the fifteenth century, probably for a married couple, who were originally represented kneeling with scrolls and their coats of arms in the margins, flanking a full-page miniature of the Crucifixion (fol. 72v), but whose figures and arms were later erased and overpainted with white. The manuscript contains both Latin and Dutch texts, supplemented by twelve full-page miniatures, the work of the Master of Walters 185. The manuscript also contains twelve pen-and-ink decorated initials in the calendar, some with grotesque faces, and letter "G" descenders throughout the book that can be attributed to the scribe Johannes de Malborch. The books original Dutch provenance is indicated by its calendar (for the Use of Utrecht) and its Hours of the Virgin, which follows predominantly the Use of the Windesheim Congregation. Prayers in Dutch were added to the end of the volume in the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century, and the book was subsequently rebound with its current cream-colored parchment binding of the seventeenth or eighteenth century.
  • The International Style: The Arts in Europe Around 1400. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1962.
  • Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988.
  • The Origins of Dutch Painting: Manuscripts from the Fifteenth Century. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1998.
  • Waste Not: The Art of Medieval Recycling. 2016.
Provenance Produced for unidentified patrons in the early 15th century who were originally represented flanking the full-page miniature of the Crucifixion (fol. 72v) but later painted over (calendar for the Use of Utrecht, localizing the place of production of the book); Franchoise de Doffinnes, Monchy Breton near St. Omer, 16th century [ownership note dated 1584, fol. 283v; additional notes regarding the Doffinnes family from 1520-1637, fols. 278v-279v, 283r]; Gruel and Engelmann, Paris, [collection no. 1018], before 1909 [mode of acquisition unknown]; Librairie Theophile Belin, Paris, 1909 [Catalog Manuscrits avec miniature..., pp. 5-7, no.4] [mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, by 1931, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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1st quarter 15th century
ink and pigments on thin, well-finished cream-colored parchment covered with 17th or 18th century cream-colored parchment over pasteboards
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
H: 4 15/16 x W: 3 3/4 in. (12.6 x 9.6 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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