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Sarcophagus Depicting Castor and Pollux Seizing the Daughters of Leucippus
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Sarcophagus Depicting Castor and Pollux Seizing the Daughters of Leucippus


Description Conservation Provenance Credit
Description Depicted in high relief, the twins Castor and Pollux, known as the Dioscuri ("sons of Zeus"), abducted and later married the daughters of King Leucippus. Here, the brothers seize the maidens amid a scene of confusion. On the ends, the Dioscuri carry off the women in their chariots. The Romans believed that the abduction of these mortal women by the twins represented the transition of the deceased from the human realm to that of the divine immortals. The violence of the front scene is echoed by the figures on the lid, where Victories sacrifice bulls on either side of a vase-like cult object. Large satyr heads flank the scene, as they do on several of the other sarcophagi displayed here.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
5/19/1958Treatmentcleaned
7/20/1970Treatmentcleaned
1/01/1992Technical Reportx-ray diffraction; other
Provenance [Excavated from the so-called Licinian tomb, via Piave, Rome, 1885]; Clemente Maraini, 1885, by excavation; Don Marcello Massarenti, Rome, by 1897, by purchase; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters with the Massarenti Collection, 1902

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Creator
Period
ca. 160 CE (Imperial)
Medium
Proconnesian marble
(Sculpture)
Accession Number
23.32
Measurements
overall: 43 3/4 x 85 3/4 x 41 1/2 in. (111.1 x 217.8 x 105.4 cm); lid: 41 5/16 x 86 3/4 in. (105 x 220.35 cm)
Geographies
  • Italy, Rome (Place of Discovery)
  • Turkey, Marmara Quarry (Source of Materials)

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