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Penannular Brooch
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Penannular Brooch

Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description Pins of this kind developed from Roman models and were fashionable as cloak fasteners from the 4th through the 10th centuries in the British Isles. The wearer pierced the fabric with the pin pointed upwards or to the side and twisted the round hoop (described as penannular because it takes the shape of an incomplete circle) to lock the pin and gathered fabric in place. Originally, this early medieval Irish brooch would have had red enamel in the hollowed out areas making a richly colored background for the bronze spirals on the terminals and the hatched and oval decorations on the pin.
Date Description Narrative
  • Early Christian and Byzantine Art. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore. 1947.
  • The Arts of Man. Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas. 1962.
  • Jewelry - Ancient to Modern. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1979-1980.
  • Objects of Adornment: Five Thousand Years of Jewelry from the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, New York; Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio; Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa; Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu; New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee; Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis; Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 1984-1987.
  • Jewelry from the Walters Art Gallery and the Zucker Family Collection. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1987.
Provenance Robert Day, Cork; Robert Day Sale, Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, London, May 19-22, 1913, no. 382; William Randolph Hearst [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Joseph Brummer [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Joseph Brummer Sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, May 11-14, 1949, no. 277; Walters Art Museum, 1949, by purchase.
Credit Museum purchase, 1949

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6th-7th century (Early Medieval)
bronze with traces of gilding
Accession Number
H: 4 15/16 x W: 2 9/16 x D: 1/2 in. (12.5 x 6.5 x 1.2 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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