Parent Object
Additional Views Explore Object
Creative Commons License


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description In a marginal illumination framing the Annunciation (the angel Gabriel's announcement to the Virgin Mary that she will give birth to the son of God), lovers play musical instruments and backgammon in a garden of love. The profane pleasure garden is contrasted with the purity and sanctity of Mary's garden, the enclosed garden suggested by the gilded leaf pattern in the background. This Book of Hours was completed for Use of Reims ca. 1450-1475 in northeastern France. The book was first owned by Collette, who is portrayed on fol. 76r with the Virgin and Child. An inscription from 1559 on the back pastedown records later ownership by female owner G. Marlot, as well as by her aunt, née Labourgue, wife of the merchant Jean Bourguet, followed by G. Marlot's daughter, Martine Marlot. There is a large amount of unusual and specifically female content in the book, including a heightened amount of prayers to the Virgin, virgins listed in the calendar and litany, as well as the unusual inclusion of the Hours of St. Catherine.
  • Making Music in Medieval Manuscripts. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1988-1989.
  • Decadent Decades: The Medieval Clothes Horse. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1989.
  • Medieval Games of Love and War. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1995-1996.
  • Music in Manuscripts. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1996-1997.
  • Checkmate! Medieval People at Play. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2010.
  • Paradise Imagined: Images of the Garden in the Islamic and Christian World. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore. 2012.
  • A Feast for the Senses: Art and Experience in Medieval Europe. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 2016-2017.
Provenance Created for Collette, northeast France, ca. 1460 [1]. Acquired by Labourgue [2], early-mid 16th century; given to G. Marlot [3], ca. 1559; given to Martine Marlot [4]. Acquired by Léon Gruel, Paris, late 19th-early 20th century; purchased by Henry Walters, Baltimore; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931. [1] Portrayed on fol. 76r [2] Wife of Jean Bourguet [3] Niece of previous owner [4] Daughter of previous owner and wife of Claude Armilhon
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

Download Image Add to Collection Creative Commons License

ca. 1460
ink, paint, and gold on parchment
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
H: 7 1/4 × W: 5 5/16 in. (18.4 × 13.5 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


    Thumbnail: Annunciation Thumbnail: Annunciation Thumbnail: Annunciation Thumbnail: Annunciation Thumbnail: Annunciation
    Zoom Out Zoom In Back to Details  
    Full Size: Annunciation