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Virgin and Child, Crucifixion
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Virgin and Child, Crucifixion


Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description Croziers, the staffs carried by bishops and abbots, are meant to identify them symbolically as shepherds of the Christian flock (actual shepherds use wooden sticks with a similar hook to catch straying sheep). Unusually, this crozier has two complementary images on its two sides. On one side, the infant Christ is held by his mother, who also carries a lily signifying by its whiteness her purity. On the other, the adult Jesus hangs upon the cross; the snake underneath alludes to Adam's and Eve's original sin, redeemed through Jesus' death. The base of the crozier was added ca. 1900.
Exhibitions
  • Realms of Faith: Medieval and Byzantine Art from the Walters Art Museum. Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville. 2001-2002.
  • Realms of Faith: Medieval and Byzantine Art from the Walters Art Museum. Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville. 2002-2005.
  • Realms of Faith: Medieval and Byzantine Art from the Walters Art Museum. Museum of Biblical Art, New York; Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville; Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha. 2008-2009.
Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, by purchase; Sale, Paul Chevallier and Charles Mannheim, April 17, 1893, no. 92; Henry Walters, 1923, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1923

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Creator
Period
1340-1350 (Medieval)
Medium
ivory
(Ivory & Bone)
Accession Number
71.232
Measurements
9 7/16 x 4 7/16 in. (24 x 11.3 cm)
Geographies
Location Within Museum
Not On View

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