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The Third Plague of Egypt: Gnats (Exodus 8:17)
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The Third Plague of Egypt: Gnats (Exodus 8:17)

Description Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit
Description This page from Walters manuscript W.106 depicts a scene from Exodus, in which God rained plagues upon Egypt. After plagues of blood and frogs, Pharaoh hardened his heart again and would not let the Israelites leave Egypt. God told Moses to tell Aaron to stretch forth his rod and strike the dust of the earth that it may become gnats throughout the land of Egypt. Here, Moses, horned (a sign of his encounter with divinity), carries the rod, while Aaron, wearing the miter of a priest, stands behind him. The gnats arise en masse out of the dust from which they were made and attack Pharaoh, seated and crowned, and his retinue.
  • Royalty in Medieval Miniatures. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1992.
Provenance Léon Gruel, Paris [date and mode of acquisition unknown]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, June 6, 1903, by purchase [see The Diaries of George Lucas]; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Inscriptions [Translation] The third plague was that he made gnats fly to their necks; [Transliteration] In terce plaie fu q[u'i]l fit venir cinifes q[ui] volerent en les cous.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1903

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ca. 1250 (Medieval)
ink and pigment on parchment
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
H: 5 3/16 x W: 3 3/4 in. (13.2 x 9.5 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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