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Synonyms of Isidore of Seville
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Synonyms of Isidore of Seville

Description Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This modest German monastic textbook from the middle of the twelfth century survives in excellent condition in its original binding. Isidore of Seville, who died in 636, was the last of the great Latin fathers, whose works became core to the medieval monastic curriculum. The Synonyma, also known as the Liber lamentationum, starts as a dialogue between Man and Reason, in which Reason tells Man how he can reach eternal joy. The second part is a discussion of vices and virtues. The manuscript contains seventy folios and four decorated or inhabited initials.
  • Illuminated Manuscripts: Masterpieces in Miniature. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1984-1985.
  • Covered in Meaning: Book Bindings from The Walters. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1997-1998.
Provenance German monastic institution [ex libris, fol. 2r, "Iste libellus pertinet ad monasterium sanctum in [......]"]; Sir Thomas Phillipps, ca. 1860-1865 [mode of acquisition unknown] [ no. 22130, (fol. 1r) ]; Gruel and Engelmann collection, no. 130, [date and mode of acquisition unknown] [bookplate on inside upper board]; Henry Walters, Baltimore, June 9, 1903, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters

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mid 12th century (Romanesque)
heavy darkened parchment between alum-tawed skin over beech boards with a later brass clasp; sewn on two slit, rolled tawed straps
(Manuscripts & Rare Books)
Accession Number
H: 6 7/8 x W: 5 1/16 in. (17.5 x 12.9 cm)
Location Within Museum
Not On View


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