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Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Michael
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Choirmaster's Crozier with Saints Valerie, Martial, and Michael


Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Credit
Description This unusual crozier branches into two volutes, containing on one side St. Valerie kneeling with her decapitated head, guided by a small angel. St. Martial, the bishop who converted her to Christianity, is seen on the other side, celebrating the Mass. At the top is the archangel St. Michael; all three were patron saints of Limoges. Made for a choirmaster, this crozier's two volutes symbolize the two parts of the chants (verses and responses) that were traditionally sung by a choir of monks.
Conservation
Date Description Narrative
4/12/1961Treatmentcleaned
Exhibitions
  • Vive la France! French Treasures from the Middle Ages to Monet. The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. 1999-2000.
Provenance Dugué, Paris, before 1847; Sale, Paris, March 7, 1851, no. 2; Hollingworth Magniac, Colworth, Bedford, 1851, by purchase; Charles Magniac, Colworth, 1867, by inheritance; Sale, Christie's, London, July 2, 1892, no. 504; Edward Arnold, London, by purchase; Sale, London, June 8, 1920, no. 183; Webb; George Robinson Harding, London, by purchase; Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1920, by purchase; Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters, 1920

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Creator
Period
mid 13th century (Medieval)
Medium
gilded copper, rock crystal, semiprecious stones
(Metal)
Accession Number
53.83
Measurements
12 15/16 x 6 5/16 x 7/8 in. (32.8 x 16 x 2.3 cm)
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