Description Combs were essential articles of toiletry for both men and women, used for styling the hair as well as to remove lice and nits; luxury combs such as this one were status symbols. This example is made of boxwood and decorated with pierced latticework panels of bone mounted over colored silk. Boxwood has a dense, interlocking grain that allows for very ﬁne carving; it was the medium of choice for small, elaborate objects. When cut along the grain, boxwood is extraordinarily resistant to splitting or chipping and appropriate for the ﬁne teeth of a comb. Richly decorated boxwood combs became common in the sixteenth century, when they seem to have supplanted ivory combs. Combs were often exchanged as love tokens, and many have inscriptions or iconography that pertain to the theme of love. The central panel shows a hand holding an arrow and transﬁxing a heart. The motif is not unique, appearing, for example, in a comb in the Musée de Cluny, Paris (Cl. 21279). The motif of the transﬁxed heart appears frequently in courtly literature, derived from Ovid’s description in his Metamorphoses (1:466) of Cupid taking aim at Apollo’s heart with a golden arrow to excite his love for Daphne, whose love Cupid had snuffed with a lead arrow. Following the classical source, medieval poets adopted the theme of the transﬁxed heart as a symbol of the pain and suffering of unrequited love.
- A Feast for the Senses: Art and Experience in Medieval Europe. The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore; The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota. 2016-2017.
Provenance Acquired by Henry Walters, Baltimore; by bequest to Walters Art Museum, 1931.
Credit Acquired by Henry Walters
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